Types of Potatoes

Search the Best Potato Recipes Site:

Types of potatoes

Types of potatoes are often categorized by their skin color.

Most common color varieties among potato types include:

  • Russet-skinned varieties
  • Red-skinned varieties
  • Yellow-skinned varieties
  • White-skinned varieties
  • Blue- and purple-skinned varieties

The list below reflects those most common to an even smaller locale--the midwestern United States where we plant potatoes.

White Potatoes:

  • Irish Cobbler: early maturing; round to blocky with deep eyes; excellent table potato; very susceptible to scab.
  • Superior: mid-season white variety; round to oblong tubers; medium deep eyes; very good baked, boiled, or mashed; resistant to scab.
  • Kennebec: late maturing white variety; block-shaped tubers; shallow eyes; excellent cooking quality.
  • Green Mountain: older white; great taste; fairly high number of misshapen tubers; greatest-tasting baked potato ever; worth the effort to find certified seed.

Red Potatoes

  • Norland: early maturing; produces oblong, smooth potatoes with shallow eyes; excellent boiled or mashed; fair when baked.
  • Red Pontiac: late maturing; oblong with deep eyes; produces high yields with many large tubers; fair table quality; good storage quality.
  • Viking: mid-season; very productive

Russet Potatoes:

  • Russet Norkotah: late season variety; produces blocky, oblong potatoes; excellent baking potato.

Yellow-Fleshed Potatoes:

  • Yukon Gold: mid-season variety; good flavor; moist flesh; excellent baked, boiled, or mashed; store well. Yukon Gold is the most famous of the new wave of yellow-fleshed varieties now available.

Some references to types of potatoes may be confusing because they are not really potato varieties but shapes or styles of potatoes, potato "brands" or even names of potato recipes. Among these potato names are:

  • Idaho Potatoes: there is no variety called "Idaho" potato, but since 99% of potatoes produced in Idaho are Russets, many stores call Russets "Idahos."
  • New potatoes: Potatoes dug before the vines die (usually in July). When the potatoes reach 1 to 2 inches in size, you may wish to dig a few hills to use for soup or to cook with creamed peas or to butter and roast.
  • Fingerling potatoes: a popular novelty potato of small "finger-shaaped" size; their moist, waxy or dry, mealy texture; sometimes in striking colors, including purple; ideal for roasting, often expensive to purchase.
  • Salt potatoes: Salt potatoes date to the 1800s; invented by local salt mine workers who created a simple and inexpensive lunch by boiling small potatoes in brine.
  • Sweet potatoes: Not a real variety of potato. The sweet potato grows on a a vine having rose-violet or pale pink, funnel-shaped flowers. It produces the fleshy tuberous orange root we love in our sweet potato recipes.

Choose potato varieties based on how you will use them in a recipe. Here are some guidelines:

  • New potatoes: moist and waxy; best for steaming, boiling and in salads.
  • Oblong mature white potatoes: somewhatdry and starchy; most popular for french-fried potatoes; great for baking and mashing.
  • Round red potatoes: a rather waxy texture; ideal for boiling and mashing.
  • Round white potatoes: thin-skinned; hold their shape in salads; great for boiling and roasting.
  • Yellow-fleshed potatoes: good for steaming, roasting, and mashing.

Red Potato Recipe

How to Grow Potatoes

Reasons for Growing Potatoes

Seed Potatoes

Planting Potatoes

Harvesting Potatoes

Potato Bugs

Share Your Potato Gardening Story and Photos

Extensive lists and descriptions of types of potatoes

Enter Your E-mail Address
Enter Your First Name (optional)

Don't worry — your e-mail address is totally secure.
I promise to use it only to send you Potato Peelings.

All Clad Cookware Sets

What are Your Favorite
Potato Recipes?

We know that everyone has a favorite potato recipe because, in most families, potatoes are served several times each week. What are your favorite potato recipes? Share them!

Best Potato Recipes Books

Best Potato Recipes Home Page

Best Potato Recipes
Save 50-80% off on Dining, Entertainment, Travel and Retail! Shop Now

Potato Recipes Site Map

Electric Potato Peeler

300 Best Potato Recipes: A Complete Cook's Guide: Potatoes are just about everyone’s favorite side dish. This book includes dozens of recipes, and ways to cook potatoes, for every part of a meal from breakfast through appetizer, main course, and even dessert.

Fun With Potatoes - Mr. Potato Head

About Me and Best Potato Recipes

Privacy Policy

 Advertising Disclosure

Amazon Associates Disclosure
 - Judith Ramsey is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to amazon.com. Thank you for supporting this site so I can continue to bring you Best Potato Recipes.

Subscribe To

Potato Peelings Newsletter

Recent Articles

  1. Mashed Sweet Potato Recipe

    Nov 20, 17 08:43 PM

    Whip up a mashed sweet potato recipe; you'll soon make it a favorite among your sweet potatoes recipes.

    Read More

  2. German Pizza

    Nov 09, 17 08:52 AM

    Peel and slice 8 potatoes In flat pan, brown in oil Chop one medium onion and add to potatoes After potaotes are brown and soft Top with slices of SPAM

    Read More

  3. Hamburger Potato Casserole

    Nov 04, 17 08:45 AM

    Make this hamburger potato casserole and, with slight variations make other potato casserole recipes.

    Read More

Best Potato Recipes
on Facebook!